Rolling Shutter Stereo
A huge fraction of cameras used nowadays is based on CMOS sensors with a rolling shutter that exposes the image line by line.
For dynamic scenes/cameras this introduces undesired effects like stretch, shear and wobble.
It has been shown earlier that rotational shake induced rolling shutter effects in hand-held cell phone capture can be compensated based on an estimate of the
camera rotation. In contrast, we analyse the case of significant camera motion,
e.g. where a bypassing streetlevel capture vehicle uses a rolling shutter camera in a 3D reconstruction framework.
The introduced error is depth dependent and cannot be compensated based on camera motion/rotation alone,
invalidating also rectification for stereo camera systems.
On top, significant lens distortion as often present in wide angle cameras intertwines with rolling shutter effects as it changes the time at which a certain 3D point is seen.
We show that naive 3D reconstructions (assuming global shutter) will deliver biased geometry already for very mild assumptions on vehicle speed and resolution.
We then develop rolling shutter dense multiview stereo algorithms that solve for time of exposure and depth at the same time,
even in the presence of lens distortion and perform an evaluation on ground truth laser scan models as well as on real street-level data.
This work was supported by a Google award and the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) grant number 127224.